Today we take a look at the main rules that we must keep in mind when going to the beach and what are the main mistakes that people make at sea.
1. Never walk alone
It is dangerous to swim alone, because not even an experienced athlete is completely protected from the possibility of an accident. The main problem with drowning is that it happens quietly and almost imperceptibly. When you are at the beach, it is better to find a companion who will keep an eye on you or be with you when you go in the water.
2. Do not rush into the water
When you are in an unknown place, enter the water near the shore and stay there for a while. This is especially true for lakes and rivers with opaque water, where you can't see the bottom of the water. Transparent sea water can also hide a great danger, because the phenomenon of light refraction can mislead you. You may think that the depth is enough for a safe jump, but you would not want to end up hitting your head or feet on the ground.
3. Pay attention to the temperature
The consequences of overheating (hyperthermia) which can be in the form of headaches, nausea and dizziness, can occur suddenly and can surprise you even when you are in the water. When you are at sea, your body gets very hot. When you throw yourself into cold water, your body feels a shock. In these situations, there is even a risk that your heart will stop or you will have breathing problems.
4. Don't run contests
Swimming is fun, but it can lead to real tragedies. Excessive adrenaline and a sense of enthusiasm prevent the correct assessment of the circumstances in which you find yourself. In addition, you may struggle to win the competition and wake up from the shore, tired and helpless. Even if you want to make a joke, don't sink under people bathing, don't grab their limbs and don't try to pull them to the bottom. From scare, a person may panic and swallow water or may accidentally hit you.
5. Carefully assess the risks
In lakes, swamps, troubled rivers, harmful microorganisms and bacteria can be very dangerous. Avoid swimming in a pond with ducks, geese and other waterfowl carrying larvae and flatworms, parasites that cause itching or irritation.
Also, do not swim near fishing nets and buoys, because the underwater part of them is not visible at all, you can get injured very easily.
Do not dive to great depths, the water is much colder there. Stay closer to the surface in the warmer layers of the water. A sudden drop in temperature can lead to muscle spasms.
6. Try to prevent muscle spasms
To avoid cramps and spasms, do a little training before entering the water. If you feel the spasm in the water, it is very important not to panic.
Hold the leg with spasms with one hand, and with the other, pull hard on the injured muscles. If you can use one hand, pinch the area with pain.
7. Be careful with breathing
If you want to explore the bottom of the water, the underwater flora and fauna, use underwater breathing apparatus. Frequent and deep breathing, as well as a long delay between breaths, can cause dizziness or even loss of consciousness. The time we can spend underwater depends more on the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood than on the air collected in the lungs. The longer it is, the faster the brain sends a signal to the chest and we get to breathe involuntarily.
8. Inflatable accessories provide a false sense of confidence
It is better to leave an inflatable mattress on the beach. These pieces perfectly replace the bedding, but in the water they just seem to be reliable companions. In the hot sun and under the influence of salt water, the mattress can be deflated at the most inopportune moment. And it can also be taken by a gust of wind with the person on it and it moves away very quickly offshore.
Children often try to dive with the swimming coil and end up with their heads under water, and their feet up. It is quite difficult to return to your original position on your own. The sooner your children learn to swim on their own, the more confident they are when they feel the danger approaching them.
9. Remember the colors of beach flags and their significance
White or green - Free swimming. These flags may not be installed on the beach if lifeguards are on the beach.
Yellow - Be careful - You can go in the water, but be careful.
Red - it is forbidden to swim.
Double red - it is forbidden even to enter the water.
Black - there is a possibility of a shark attack
brown or orange - the water is polluted.
Black and white - a place for surfing.
10. Do not enter the water at night
Many people find night swims exciting, unusual and therefore attractive. There are no clear prohibitions on this type of entertainment, but we must understand that swimming in the dark is much more risky than during the day. First of all, because there are no lifeguards at night on the beach. If you need help, there will be no one there to help you. Second, you can injure yourself by stepping on soil you don't see, such as a rock or jellyfish.